Signalling through Notch receptors requires ligand-induced cleavage to release the intracellular domain, which acts as a transcriptional activator in the nucleus. Deregulated Notch1 signalling has been implicated in mammary tumorigenesis; however the mechanisms underlying Notch activation in breast cancer remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the prolyl-isomerase Pin1 interacts with Notch1 and affects Notch1 activation. Pin1 potentiates Notch1 cleavage by γ-secretase, leading to an increased release of the active intracellular domain and ultimately enhancing Notch1 transcriptional and tumorigenic activity. We found that Notch1 directly induces transcription of Pin1, thereby generating a positive loop. In human breast cancers, we observed a strong correlation between Pin1 overexpression and high levels of activated Notch1. Thus, the molecular circuitry established by Notch1 and Pin1 may have a key role in cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology