The protective effects of bioactive (RS)-glucoraphanin on the permeability of the mice blood-brain barrier following experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

S. Giacoppo, M. Galuppo, R. Iori, G. R. De Nicola, P. Bramanti, E. Mazzon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVES: Alterations in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability are due to the disruption of the Tight Junctions (TJs), large multiprotein complexes important for the maintenance of structural integrity and for permeability of the barrier. In this experimental study we evaluated the neuroprotective role of (RS)-glucoraphanin, a glucosinolate present in Brassicaceae, notably in Tuscan black kale, and bioactivated with myrosinase enzyme (bioactive R S-GRA) (10 mg/kg/d intraperitoneally), to prevent the dysfunction of BBB, in an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: EAE was induced by immunization with myelin oligodendroglial glycoprotein peptide (MOG) 35-55 in mice. By western blot analysis of brain tissues, we evaluated expression and distribution of the TJ-associated proteins, claudin-1,-3,-5 and ZO-1. Additionally, in order to gain a better insight into the mechanisms of action of bioactive RS-GRA, we investigated Foxp3, ERK1/2 and caspase 3 expression associated both to inflammatory response as well as to apoptotic pathway. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that treatment with bioactive RS-GRA counteracts the alteration of all these parameters and preserves TJ integrity through an antinflammatory and antiapoptotic activity during MS. CONCLUSIONS: Bioactive RS-GRA, could be a therapeutic perspective helpful in preventing dysfunction of the BBB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-204
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014



  • Apoptosis
  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Inflammation
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Tight junctions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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