The relationship between facial 3-D morphometry and the perception of attractiveness in children.

V. F. Ferrario, C. Sforza, C. E. Poggio, A. Colombo, G. Tartaglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this investigation was to determine whether attractive children differ in their three-dimensional facial characteristics from nonattractive children of the same age, race, and sex. The facial characteristics of 36 boys and 44 girls aged 8 to 9 years were investigated. Frontal and profile photographs were analyzed independently by 21 judges, and, for each view, four groups were obtained: attractive boys, nonattractive boys, attractive girls, and nonattractive girls. For each child, the three-dimensional coordinates of 16 standardized soft tissue facial landmarks were automatically collected using an infrared system and used to calculate several three-dimensional angles, linear distances, and linear distance ratios. Mean values were computed in the eight groups, and attractive and nonattractive children were compared within sex and view. Most children received a different esthetic evaluation in the separate frontal and profile assessments; concordance in both attractive and nonattractive groups was only 50%. Moreover, three-dimensional facial morphometry was not able to separate attractive and nonattractive children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalThe International journal of adult orthodontics and orthognathic surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997


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