BACKGROUND: This retrospective study had two main aims: (1) to document possible correlations between plasma Amino Acids (AAs) and circulating Albumin (Alb) and Haemoglobin (Hb); and (2) to identify which AAs were predictors of Alb and Hb.
METHODS: The study considered 125 stroke subjects (ST) (61.6% males; 65.6 +/- 14.9 years) who met the eligibility criteria (absence of co morbidities associated with altered plasma AAs and presence of plasma AAs determined after overnight fasting). Fifteen matched healthy subjects with measured plasma AAs served as controls.
RESULTS: The best correlations of Alb were with tryptophan (Trp) and histidine (His) (r = + 0.53; p < 0.0001), and those of Hb were with histidine (r = +0.47) and Essential AAs (r = +0.47) (both p<0.0001). In multivariate analysis, Trp (p< 0.0001) and His (p = 0.01) were shown to be the best positive predictors of Alb, whereas glutamine (p = 0.006) was the best positive predictor of Hb.
CONCLUSIONS: The study shows that the majority of plasma AAs were positively correlated with Alb and Hb. The best predictors of circulating Alb and Hb were the levels of tryptophan and glutamine, respectively.