This study examined the association of insulin resistance with single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 276G>T at adiponectin gene and the plasma long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) profile in obese children. One hundred thirty-one normolipidaemic obese children aged 8-13 y (53 girls and 68 boys) entered the study. The prevalence of T allele carriers at SNP276 was 48.8%. Mean [SD] values of fasting insulin and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index in noncarriers versus carriers of T allele were 12.4 [6.4] versus 20.6 [6.3] μU/mL (p = 0.039) and 2.6 [1.4] versus 4.5 [1.7] (p = 0.032). Mean [SD] values of plasma C18:3n - 3, C20:5w - 3/C20:4n - 6, and n - 6/n - 3 LCPUFA in phospholipids in noncarriers versus carriers of T allele were 0.10 [0.04] versus 0.08 [0.03] % (p = 0.013), 0.04 [0.01] versus 0.03 [0.01] % (p = 0.045), and 4.4 [0.7] versus 4.9 [0.9] % (p = 0.005), respectively. Insulin resistance was independently associated with SNP 276G>T (p = 0.002) and n - 6/n - 3 LCPUFA (p = 0.042) in plasma phospholipids, and interaction was found between SNP 276G>T and n - 6/n - 3 LCPUFA (p = 0.046). These findings suggest that obese children carriers of the SNP 276G>T may be at increased risk of metabolic complications compared with noncarriers, possibly due in part to a different plasma phospholipids profile.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health