Background. Rational prognostic algorithm should be developed considering the logical progression of the information as it becomes available to the physician, with clinical data first, ECG data second and stress imaging data last. The aim of the present study was to assess in a clinically realistic fashion the relative prognostic value of exercise electrocardiography test (EET) and dipyridamole-echocardiography test (DET) early after first acute uncomplicated myocardial infarction. Methods and results. Five hundred and forty-seven in-hospital patients (age = 56 ± 9 years) with recent clinically uncomplicated first myocardial infarction, baseline echocardiographic findings of satisfactory quality, interpretable ECG and capability to exercise underwent a resting 2D echocardiogram, a DET and an EET at a mean of 10 days from the infarction and were followed up for 16.2 ± 11 months. During the follow-up, there were 17 cardiac deaths, 19 non-fatal myocardial infarctions and 49 unstable angina. When cardiac death was considered as the only significant event, with multivariate analysis, peak dipyridamole Wall Motion Score Index was the only significant predictor (χ2 = 5.66; p = 0.013; relative risk estimate = 4.7; confidence intervals = 1.35-16.08). In presence of a negative exercise electrocardiography test for both chest pain and electrocardiographic criteria, the death rate was 2%. Conclusion. DET provides stronger information in comparison with historical and EET variables. However, a negative maximal EET is sufficient to identify a very low risk subset in whom additional testing may not be warranted.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1997|
- stress echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine