The release of platelet-activating factor (PAF) from stimulated human endothelial cells (HEC) cultured from normal term, umbilical cord veins is described. HEC in primary cultures released PAF after challenge with A23187, rabbit anti-human factor VIII (RaHu/FVIII), angiotensin II, and vasopressin. HEC subcultures maintained the ability to release PAF in the presence of A23187 and RaHu/FVIII, whereas the release of PAF in response to angiotensin II and vasopressin was not constant and was reduced. Control cultured, smooth muscle cells derived from umbilical cord veins, previously depleted of endothelial cells, did not release PAF under the above-mentioned stimulation. Plastic-adherent or cultured monocytes released PAF with A23187, but not with RaHu/FVIII, angiotensin II, and vasopressin. The release of PAF from HEC in primary cultures required the presence of extracellular cations and the activation of membrane phospholipase A2. PAF release induced by A23187, RaHu/FVIII, angiotensin II, and vasopressin was unaffected by indomethacin, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase, which, however, favored the release of PAF from HEC stimulated with thrombin, a stimulus that did not affect HEC in the absence of indomethacin. PGI2 inhibited PAF release from stimulated HEC. The relevance of an acetylation process in the biosynthesis of PAF and HEC was supported by the following evidence: 1) the increase in PAF yield in the presence of sodium acetate and, particularly, of acetyl-CoA; 2) the incorporation of [14C]acetate into PAF molecules; 3) the loss of radioactivity and of biologic activity after treatment with phospholipase A2. These results indicate that HEC in culture are able to release PAF and that metabolic pathways similar to those described for leukocytes are involved.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1983|
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