Histological and immunohistological examination of renal biopsy material is the method of choice for the diagnosis of glomerular and interstitial renal disease. However, our understanding of renal damage is still largely incomplete because of the limited knowledge of the etiology and pathogenesis of numerous kidney diseases. For this reason, we still provide unspecific treatment to kidney patients, which is generally aimed at counteracting inflammatory alterations and slowing progression towards renal failure, without intervening directly in the cause of the disease. The recent development of the ''omics'' (genomics, proteomics, metabolomics) following the enormous progress of high-throughput technologies and information technology tools is profoundly transforming our knowledge in every biomedical field, including nephrology. It is expected that in a very short time a better understanding of both physiological and pathological events in the kidney will translate into different therapeutic strategies, possibly targeted to individual needs. Nephrologists and renal pathologists must take these changes into account and realize that a new approach to renal biopsy is urgently required. Renal biopsy material has in fact an enormous importance in the generation of new knowledge and in the validation of experimental results from high-throughput technologies and animal models. Furthermore, it is conceivable that a new classification of renal diseases will be needed soon as a result of the improved knowledge. For these reasons, renal biopsy material should be adequately processed and preserved according to modern methods, and collaborative projects should be fostered to achieve standardized methods and avoid a waste of energy in singular efforts.
|Translated title of the contribution||The renal biopsy in the post-genomic era|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Giornale italiano di nefrologia : organo ufficiale della Società italiana di nefrologia|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2007|
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