The 'respect rather than resect' principle in mitral valve repair: The lateral dislocation of the P2 technique

Marco Zanobini, Gabriella Ricciardi, Francesco Liborio Mammana, Samer Kassem, Paolo Poggio, Alessandro Di Minno, L. Cavallotti, Matteo Saccocci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Leaflet resection represents the reference standard for surgical treatment of mitral valve (MV) regurgitation. New approaches recently 1 proposed place emphasis on respecting, rather than resecting, the leaflet tissue to avoid the drawbacks of the 'resection' approach. Objectives The lateral dislocation of mid portion of mitral posterior leaflet (P2) technique for MV repair is a nonresectional technique in which the prolapsed P2 segment is sutured to normal P1 segment. Our study evaluates the effectiveness of this technique. Patients and methods We performed the procedure on seven patients. Once ring annular sutures were placed, the prolapsed P2 segment was dislocated toward the normal P1 segment with a rotation of 90° and without any resection. If present, residual clefts between P2 and P3 segments were closed. Once the absence of residual mitral regurgitation is confirmed by saline pressure test, ring annuloplasty was completed. The valve was evaluated using transesophageal echocardiography in the operating room and by transthoracic echocardiography before discharge. Results At the last follow-up visit, transthoracic echocardiography revealed no mitral regurgitation and normal TRANSVALVULAR gradients. Conclusion The lateral dislocation of P2 is an easily fine-tuned technique for isolated P2 prolapse, with the advantage of short aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times. We think it might be very favorable in older and frail patients. Long-term follow-up is necessary to assess the durability of this technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-690
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • mitral prolapse
  • mitral regurgitation
  • mitral reparation
  • mitral surgery
  • P2 dislocation
  • P2 prolapse
  • respect than resect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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