The response to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test does not predict the progression to true precocious puberty in girls with onset of premature thelarche in the first three years of life

Carla Bizzarri, Gian Luigi Spadoni, Giorgia Bottaro, Giulia Montanari, Germana Giannone, Marco Cappa, Stefano Cianfarani

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Premature thelarche in early childhood may evolve into true precocious puberty. The individuation of cases progressing to precocious puberty is challenging. Objective: We analyzed the parameters predictive for progression in girls younger than 3 years. Design and Setting: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study. Patients and Methods: A total of 450 girls referred for premature thelarche were initially evaluated, 353wereclinically monitored at 3-month intervals,and97 underwent endocrineandimaging assessment. Central precocious puberty (CPP) was diagnosed in girls showing LH peak response to GnRH testing >5 mU/mL with tuber cinereum hamartoma at magnetic resonance imaging, or with normal magnetic resonance imaging but progression of puberty during follow-up. Main Outcome Measure: We measured the progression to precocious puberty. Results: Idiopathic premature thelarche (IPT) was diagnosed in 85 of the 97 girls who underwent extensive evaluation, CPP in nine girls, and peripheral precocious puberty in three girls. The uterus was >34mmin six (7%) IPT girls and six (66.6%) CPP girls. Basal LH was >0.2 mU/mL in one (1.17%) IPT girl and eight (88.8%) CPP girls. LH peak was>5 mU/mL in 31 (36.4%) IPT girls and nine (100%) CPP girls. LH peak/FSH peak ratio was >1 in six (66.6%) CPP girls. Conclusions: None of the available tests alone allows identification of girls who will progress to precocious puberty. Elevated LH responses toGnRHarecommonbut are not related to progression toward puberty. The combined measurement of basal LH and longitudinal diameter of the uterus represents a reliable screening approach to identify subjects who should undergo GnRH testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-439
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

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Precocious Puberty
Magnetic resonance
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
Imaging techniques
Testing
Screening
Puberty
Uterus
Tuber Cinereum
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Individuation
Hamartoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

@article{dd709f60f28441a3b1399f98ef33edab,
title = "The response to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test does not predict the progression to true precocious puberty in girls with onset of premature thelarche in the first three years of life",
abstract = "Context: Premature thelarche in early childhood may evolve into true precocious puberty. The individuation of cases progressing to precocious puberty is challenging. Objective: We analyzed the parameters predictive for progression in girls younger than 3 years. Design and Setting: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study. Patients and Methods: A total of 450 girls referred for premature thelarche were initially evaluated, 353wereclinically monitored at 3-month intervals,and97 underwent endocrineandimaging assessment. Central precocious puberty (CPP) was diagnosed in girls showing LH peak response to GnRH testing >5 mU/mL with tuber cinereum hamartoma at magnetic resonance imaging, or with normal magnetic resonance imaging but progression of puberty during follow-up. Main Outcome Measure: We measured the progression to precocious puberty. Results: Idiopathic premature thelarche (IPT) was diagnosed in 85 of the 97 girls who underwent extensive evaluation, CPP in nine girls, and peripheral precocious puberty in three girls. The uterus was >34mmin six (7{\%}) IPT girls and six (66.6{\%}) CPP girls. Basal LH was >0.2 mU/mL in one (1.17{\%}) IPT girl and eight (88.8{\%}) CPP girls. LH peak was>5 mU/mL in 31 (36.4{\%}) IPT girls and nine (100{\%}) CPP girls. LH peak/FSH peak ratio was >1 in six (66.6{\%}) CPP girls. Conclusions: None of the available tests alone allows identification of girls who will progress to precocious puberty. Elevated LH responses toGnRHarecommonbut are not related to progression toward puberty. The combined measurement of basal LH and longitudinal diameter of the uterus represents a reliable screening approach to identify subjects who should undergo GnRH testing.",
author = "Carla Bizzarri and Spadoni, {Gian Luigi} and Giorgia Bottaro and Giulia Montanari and Germana Giannone and Marco Cappa and Stefano Cianfarani",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1210/jc.2013-3292",
language = "English",
volume = "99",
pages = "433--439",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism",
issn = "0021-972X",
publisher = "The Endocrine Society",
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T1 - The response to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test does not predict the progression to true precocious puberty in girls with onset of premature thelarche in the first three years of life

AU - Bizzarri, Carla

AU - Spadoni, Gian Luigi

AU - Bottaro, Giorgia

AU - Montanari, Giulia

AU - Giannone, Germana

AU - Cappa, Marco

AU - Cianfarani, Stefano

PY - 2014/2

Y1 - 2014/2

N2 - Context: Premature thelarche in early childhood may evolve into true precocious puberty. The individuation of cases progressing to precocious puberty is challenging. Objective: We analyzed the parameters predictive for progression in girls younger than 3 years. Design and Setting: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study. Patients and Methods: A total of 450 girls referred for premature thelarche were initially evaluated, 353wereclinically monitored at 3-month intervals,and97 underwent endocrineandimaging assessment. Central precocious puberty (CPP) was diagnosed in girls showing LH peak response to GnRH testing >5 mU/mL with tuber cinereum hamartoma at magnetic resonance imaging, or with normal magnetic resonance imaging but progression of puberty during follow-up. Main Outcome Measure: We measured the progression to precocious puberty. Results: Idiopathic premature thelarche (IPT) was diagnosed in 85 of the 97 girls who underwent extensive evaluation, CPP in nine girls, and peripheral precocious puberty in three girls. The uterus was >34mmin six (7%) IPT girls and six (66.6%) CPP girls. Basal LH was >0.2 mU/mL in one (1.17%) IPT girl and eight (88.8%) CPP girls. LH peak was>5 mU/mL in 31 (36.4%) IPT girls and nine (100%) CPP girls. LH peak/FSH peak ratio was >1 in six (66.6%) CPP girls. Conclusions: None of the available tests alone allows identification of girls who will progress to precocious puberty. Elevated LH responses toGnRHarecommonbut are not related to progression toward puberty. The combined measurement of basal LH and longitudinal diameter of the uterus represents a reliable screening approach to identify subjects who should undergo GnRH testing.

AB - Context: Premature thelarche in early childhood may evolve into true precocious puberty. The individuation of cases progressing to precocious puberty is challenging. Objective: We analyzed the parameters predictive for progression in girls younger than 3 years. Design and Setting: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal study. Patients and Methods: A total of 450 girls referred for premature thelarche were initially evaluated, 353wereclinically monitored at 3-month intervals,and97 underwent endocrineandimaging assessment. Central precocious puberty (CPP) was diagnosed in girls showing LH peak response to GnRH testing >5 mU/mL with tuber cinereum hamartoma at magnetic resonance imaging, or with normal magnetic resonance imaging but progression of puberty during follow-up. Main Outcome Measure: We measured the progression to precocious puberty. Results: Idiopathic premature thelarche (IPT) was diagnosed in 85 of the 97 girls who underwent extensive evaluation, CPP in nine girls, and peripheral precocious puberty in three girls. The uterus was >34mmin six (7%) IPT girls and six (66.6%) CPP girls. Basal LH was >0.2 mU/mL in one (1.17%) IPT girl and eight (88.8%) CPP girls. LH peak was>5 mU/mL in 31 (36.4%) IPT girls and nine (100%) CPP girls. LH peak/FSH peak ratio was >1 in six (66.6%) CPP girls. Conclusions: None of the available tests alone allows identification of girls who will progress to precocious puberty. Elevated LH responses toGnRHarecommonbut are not related to progression toward puberty. The combined measurement of basal LH and longitudinal diameter of the uterus represents a reliable screening approach to identify subjects who should undergo GnRH testing.

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