The response to imatinib and interferon-α is more rapid than the response to imatinib alone: A retrospective analysis of 495 philadelphia-positive chronic myeloid leukemia patients in early chronic phase

Francesca Palandri, Fausto Castagnetti, Ilaria Iacobucci, Giovanni Martinelli, Marilina Amabile, Gabriele Gugliotta, Angela Poerio, Nicoletta Testoni, Massimo Breccia, Monica Bocchia, Monica Crugnola, Giovanna Rege-Cambrin, Bruno Martino, Ivana Pierri, Franca Radaelli, Giorgina Specchia, Fabrizio Pane, Giuseppe Saglio, Gianantonio Rosti, Michele Baccarani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Before the introduction of imatinib, interferon α-based regimens were the gold standard for treatment of early chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients. The combination of IFN-α with imatinib is currently being investigated in at least two large clinical trials, the German CML Study IV and the French SPIRIT trial. We reviewed the cytogenetic and molecular responses of 76 early chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients who were treated with imatinib and interferon-α and of 419 early chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with imatinib alone front-line. The complete cytogenetic response rate was higher in the IM+IFN-α group than in the imatinib group at six months (60% vs. 42%; P=0.003), but not at 48 months (88% vs. 88%). The durability of the complete cytogenetic response was similar in the two groups with 94% and 91% of complete cytogenetic responders in continuous complete cytogenetic response at 48 months (P=0.56). The major molecular response rate was higher in the IM+IFN-α group at six months (58% vs. 34%; P=0.0001) and 12 months (67% vs. 47%; P=0.001) but not later on (65% vs. 57% at 48 months; P=0.25). Overall and progression free survival were comparable in the two groups; a significant trend to a better event free survival was observed in patients treated with PegIFNα (91% vs. 78%; P=0.02). These data suggest that the response to the combination treatment is more rapid. It is not yet known how much a rapid reduction will influence the longer-term overall and progression free survival, and the cure rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1415-1419
Number of pages5
JournalHaematologica
Volume95
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Imatinib
  • Interferon α
  • Molecular response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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