The role of 9-O-acetylated ganglioside D3 (CD60) and α4β1 (CD49d) expression in predicting the survival of patients with sézary syndrome

Enrico Scala, Damiano Abeni, Debora Pomponi, Maria Grazia Narducci, Giuseppe Alfonso Lombardo, Adriano Mari, Marina Frontani, Maria Cristina Picchio, Maria Antonietta Pilla, Elisabetta Caprini, Giandomenico Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Sézary syndrome is a rare and very aggressive leukemic variant of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma characterized by extensive skin involvement and a malignant circulating CD4+ T-cell clone which homes to the skin, over-expresses CD60, and lacks CD7, CD26 and CD49d. So far prognostic markers in this disease are limited to treatment with systemic steroids, age, serum lactate dehydrogenase, and a white blood cell count of 20×109/L or higher: no other biological marker with prognostic value, especially related to malignant cells, has been described. Design and Methods We used flow activated cell sorting analysis to compare the distribution of the T-cell receptor-V repertoire and several surface molecules (CD7, CD26, CD49d and CD60) within the circulating CD4+ T-cell population in 62 patients with Sézary syndrome, 180 with mycosis fungoides, 6 with B-cell lymphomas, and 19 with chronic eczema. We calculated the 5-year overall survival of patients with Sézary syndrome after first hospital admission using Kaplan-Meier product-limit estimates and hazard ratios from the Cox proportional hazards model. Results We found that both higher number of CD60+ and lower number of CD49d+ cells within circulating CD4+ T cells at disease presentation were significantly associated with a lower probability of survival. An exceedingly high risk of death was observed for patients with a combination of a high proportion of CD4+CD60+ cells (≥0.5×109/L) and low proportion of CD4+CD49d+ cells (+ T cells are two useful markers for predicting a very poor outcome in patients with Sézary syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1905-1912
Number of pages8
JournalHaematologica
Volume95
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • CD49D
  • CD60
  • Repertoire
  • Sézary syndrome
  • Survival rate
  • TCR-Vβ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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