The role of age in complicated acute type B aortic dissection

Frederik H W Jonker, Santi Trimarchi, Bart E. Muhs, Vincenzo Rampoldi, Daniel G. Montgomery, James B. Froehlich, Mark D. Peterson, Kristian Bartnes, Venu Gourineni, Vijay S. Ramanath, Alan C. Braverman, Christoph A. Nienaber, Eric M. Isselbacher, Kim A. Eagle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Complicated acute type B aortic dissection (cABAD) generally requires urgent intervention. Advanced age is a risk factor for mortality after thoracic aortic intervention, including surgery for aortic dissection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the exact impact of increasing age on the management and outcomes of cABAD. Methods We analyzed the outcomes of 583 patients with cABAD enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD) between 1996 and 2012. All patients with cABAD were categorized according to age by decade and management type (medical, surgical, or endovascular treatment), and outcomes were subsequently investigated in the different age groups. Results The mean age of the cohort was 63.4 ± 14.2 years, 36% of patients (n = 209) were greater than 70 years of age and 64% (n = 374) were less than 70 years. The utilization of surgery and endovascular techniques progressively decreased with patient age, while the rate of medical management significantly increased with age (p <0.001). The in-hospital mortality rates for complicated patients younger than 70 years versus 70 years or more were 10.1% versus 30.0% for endovascular treatment (p = 0.001), 17.2% versus 34.2% for surgical treatment (p = 0.027), and 14.2% versus 32.2% for medical treatment (p = 0.001). Age 70 years or greater was a predictor of in-hospital mortality in multivariate analysis (odds ratio 2.37, 95% confidence interval: 1.23 to 4.54, p = 0.010). Conclusions Advanced age has a dramatic impact on the management and outcomes of patients with cABAD. A nonsignificant trend toward lower mortality after endovascular management was observed, both for younger patients and for elderly patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2129-2134
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume96
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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    Jonker, F. H. W., Trimarchi, S., Muhs, B. E., Rampoldi, V., Montgomery, D. G., Froehlich, J. B., Peterson, M. D., Bartnes, K., Gourineni, V., Ramanath, V. S., Braverman, A. C., Nienaber, C. A., Isselbacher, E. M., & Eagle, K. A. (2013). The role of age in complicated acute type B aortic dissection. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 96(6), 2129-2134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2013.06.056