The role of anticipatory postural adjustments in interlimb coordination of coupled arm movements in the parasagittal plane: III. Difference in the energy cost of postural actions during cyclic flexion-extension arm movements, ISO- and ANTI-directionally coupled

Roberto Esposti, Eloisa Limonta, Fabio Esposito, Fausto G. Baldissera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

When oscillating the upper limbs together in the parasagittal plane, movements coordination is lower (i.e., variability of the interlimb relative phase is higher) in antidirectional (ANTI) than in isodirectional (ISO) coupling. In contrast, we previously observed that for arm movements in the horizontal plane, the coordination was worse in ISO than ANTI and the energetic cost of postural activities was higher in ISO. Having hypothesised that the higher postural cost was one factor responsible for the coordination deficit in horizontal ISO, we measured the oxygen uptake (V̇O2) in parasagittal movements, expecting that in this case too, the postural cost is higher in the less-coordinated mode (ANTI). Breath-by-breath metabolic (V̇O2,CO2) and cardiorespiratory (HR, V̇E) parameters were measured in seven participants, who performed cyclic flexions-extensions in the parasagittal plane with either one arm or both arms, in ISO or ANTI coupling and at 1.4, 2.2 and 2.6 Hz. In each condition, the intermittent exercise (12 s movement, 12 s rest) lasted 264 s. A force platform recorded the mechanical actions to the ground. The exercise metabolic cost (δ V̇O2) was found to be significantly higher in parasagittal ANTI than ISO. The movement amplitude being equal in the two modes, the ANTI-ISO difference should be ascribed to postural activities. This would confirm that the less-coordinated coupling mode requires the higher postural effort in parasagittal movements too. When rising the movement frequency, δ V̇O2 increased and linearly correlated with the coordination loss. Comparison of parasagittal with horizontal movements showed that δ V̇O2 was lower in parasagittal ANTI than in horizontal ISO (the less-coordinated modes), while it was not different between parasagittal ISO and horizontal ANTI (the more-coordinated modes).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-303
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume231
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • APAs
  • Ground reaction forces
  • Limb-coupled movements
  • Oxygen uptake
  • Parasagittal plane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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