Respiratory tract infections, especially those involving the upper respiratory tract, are very common in the first years of live. Viruses, including respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza and influenza viruses, adenovirus, rhinovirus and enterovirus are considered to be the main etiologic causes of the infections. It was demonstrated that atypical bacteria (mainly Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae) play among children with RRTIs a grater role in causing respiratory tract infections than had been thought previously and prolonged azithromycin therapy can significantly improve the acute episodes and reduce the risk of recurrences.
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
- Atypical bacteria
- Chlamydia pneumoniae
- Mycoplasma pneumoniae
- Recurrent respiratory tract infections
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health