While surgery remains the cornerstone of treatment of bone and soft tissue sarcomas, chemotherapy has improved the 5-year overall survival in osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma from 10% to 70% in localized disease. Patients with metastases at presentation treated with surgery combined with chemotherapy have a 3-year survival of 30-50%, but cure is still rare. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy in soft tissue sarcoma has yet to be determined, but it is likely that some patients will benefit. As some bone sarcomas do not respond to chemotherapy, surgery remains the only effective treatment, and there are no effective drugs to treat relapsing patients. Radiotherapy has both a curative role in combination with chemotherapy in soft tissue and Ewing's sarcoma and a palliative role in the other sarcomas.
- Soft tissue
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine