The role of chronic prostatic inflammation in the pathogenesis and progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Giorgio Gandaglia, Alberto Briganti, Paolo Gontero, Nicola Mondaini, Giacomo Novara, Andrea Salonia, Alessandro Sciarra, Francesco Montorsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Several different stimuli may induce chronic prostatic inflammation, which in turn would lead to tissue damage and continuous wound healing, thus contributing to prostatic enlargement. Patients with chronic inflammation and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have been shown to have larger prostate volumes, more severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and a higher probability of acute urinary retention than their counterparts without inflammation. Chronic inflammation could be a predictor of poor response to BPH medical treatment. Thus, the ability to identify patients with chronic inflammation would be crucial to prevent BPH progression and develop target therapies. Although the histological examination of prostatic tissue remains the only available method to diagnose chronic inflammation, different parameters, such as prostatic calcifications, prostate volume, LUTS severity, storage and prostatitis-like symptoms, poor response to medical therapies and urinary biomarkers, have been shown to be correlated with chronic inflammation. The identification of patients with BPH and chronic inflammation might be crucial in order to develop target therapies to prevent BPH progression. In this context, clinical, imaging and laboratory parameters might be used alone or in combination to identify patients that harbour chronic prostatic inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-441
Number of pages10
JournalBJU International
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • acute urinary retention
  • benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  • biomarkers
  • chronic prostatic inflammation
  • LUTS severity
  • prostatic calcifications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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