A number of different cytokines, including IL-1α and β, IL-2, IL-3, IL- 4, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IFN-α, -β and γ. TNF-α-β, and TGF-β1, can modulate the expression of distinct cell surface antigens of normal and neoplastic cells. Both induction/increase of expression and reduction of expression can be achieved depending on the antigen and on the cytokine. Antigens subjected to the modulating activity of cytokines include distinct families of cell surface structures such as the molecules coded by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), the superfamily of adhesion receptors that regulate cell-cell and cell-matrix interaction, receptors for cytokines and growth factors and tumor-associated antigens. The modulating activity of cytokines is a consequence of their influence on gene expression, protein synthesis, membrane expression and shedding of antigens from the cell surface. The changes of phenotype due to the action of cytokines can influence the signalling pathways dependent on the expression and function of cell surface structures. Therefore, the antigen modulating activity of cytokines can thoroughly affect the biological behavior of normal and neoplastic cells. As described here, most of the modulating effects of cytokines on different cell surface structures and the functional consequences of antigenic modulation can be verified in human malignant melanoma cells.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Markers|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
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