The role of different biomarkers (DNA, PCNA, apoptosis and karyotype) in prognostic evaluation of superficial transitional cell bladder carcinoma

A. M. Lavezzi, B. Biondo, A. Cazzullo, F. Giordano, F. Pallotti, P. Turconi, L. Matturri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background: In order to clarify the variable behaviour of transitional cell bladder carcinomas (TCBC) with same clinico-pathologic pattern, we investigated the prognostic significance of various biomarkers (PCNA, DNA, apoptosis, karyotype). Materials and Methods: We studied 177 superficial TCBC (stage Tl) undergoing transurethral resection (TUR). Analysis of biological indicators was performed on serial paraffin sections: DNA by static cytometry, karyotype by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), PCNA and apoptosis by immunohistochemistry. Results: The most salient results are represented by prevalence of diploidy (56%), a mean PCNA labeling index (PCNA-LI) of 8.2%, nonrandom trisomies and tetrasomies of chromosome 7, and a high presence of apoptosis (in 72% of cases). These data were not related to histological grading. Multivariate analysis showed that only PCNA-LI is a an independent prognostic marker for patient survival (p = 0.01). Besides, we observed a worse prognosis in the presence of both very high PCNA indices and low or absent apoptosis. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that tumor prognostic potential in TCBC should be evaluated on the basis of the association between PCNA cell kinetics and cell apoptosis information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1279-1284
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer Research
Issue number2 B
Publication statusPublished - 2001



  • Apoptosis
  • Bladder carcinoma
  • DNA
  • Karyotype
  • PCNA
  • Prognosis
  • Superficial transitional cell-biomarkers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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