INTRODUCTION: Endometrial cancer is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract in industrialized countries. The traditional treatment of endometrial cancer is based on a surgical approach. In recent years, systemic endocrine therapy has demonstrated good efficacy in recurrent or metastatic setting, delaying progression, ameliorating quality of life and palliating symptoms. Areas covered: Phase I and II studies on selective estrogen receptor down-regulators used for the treatment of endometrial cancer treatment have been reviewed. The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic features of selective receptor down-regulators have been also investigated. Expert opinion: Selective estrogen receptor down-regulators may exhibit clinical efficacy in the treatment of gynecological malignancies due to their pure estrogen receptor antagonist properties. However, up to now data are still limited and some unsolved questions remain. Fulvestrant has poor oral bioavailability and low pharmacodynamic characteristics. Further trials are required to examine new selective estrogen receptor down-regulator agents with better pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profiles.
- Journal Article