The role of sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with B5C breast cancer diagnosis

Piero Fregatti, Marco Gipponi, Raquel Diaz, Raffaele D.E. Rosa, Federica Murelli, Francesca Depaoli, Francesca Pitto, Ilaria Baldelli, Gabriele Zoppoli, Marcello Ceppi, Daniele Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Aim: The histopathological assessment of the B5c category may sometimes be hampered by simple artifacts that may lead to over- or underestimation of that particular breast cancer so that its management is still controversial, especially with regard to the decision to proceed immediately to sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy. Hence, a retrospective study was performed in 174 patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery with a preoperative diagnosis of B5c in order to assess the usefulness of axillary node staging by means of SLN biopsy. Patients and Methods: Pre- and postoperative parameters including imaging data, histology of the primary tumor and SLN biopsy, biological prognostic factors, type of operation, and adjuvant regimens were computed. Results: Invasive carcinoma and carcinoma in situ were diagnosed in 46 (26.5%) and 128 patients (73.5%), respectively. Preoperative tumor size was significantly related to postoperative diagnosis of invasive carcinoma (p=0.020), retaining its predictive value at logistic regression analysis (p=0.046). Post-operative predictive factors of invasion were represented by tumor stage (p=0.008) and grading (p=0.008). Conclusion: B5c preoperative diagnosis in patients undergoing breast conservative surgery would suggest an immediate wide local excision avoiding any further preoperative histologic assessment. Conversely, one-stage SLN biopsy might be suggested for patients eligible to mastectomy, similar to patients with carcinoma in situ, although its impact on the therapeutic and prognostic assessment seems negligible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-359
Number of pages5
JournalIn Vivo
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Needle biopsy
  • Sentinel lymph node

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology

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    Fregatti, P., Gipponi, M., Diaz, R., Rosa, R. D. E., Murelli, F., Depaoli, F., Pitto, F., Baldelli, I., Zoppoli, G., Ceppi, M., & Friedman, D. (2020). The role of sentinel lymph node biopsy in patients with B5C breast cancer diagnosis. In Vivo, 34(1), 355-359. https://doi.org/10.21873/invivo.11781