Background/Aim: The histopathological assessment of the B5c category may sometimes be hampered by simple artifacts that may lead to over- or underestimation of that particular breast cancer so that its management is still controversial, especially with regard to the decision to proceed immediately to sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy. Hence, a retrospective study was performed in 174 patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery with a preoperative diagnosis of B5c in order to assess the usefulness of axillary node staging by means of SLN biopsy. Patients and Methods: Pre- and postoperative parameters including imaging data, histology of the primary tumor and SLN biopsy, biological prognostic factors, type of operation, and adjuvant regimens were computed. Results: Invasive carcinoma and carcinoma in situ were diagnosed in 46 (26.5%) and 128 patients (73.5%), respectively. Preoperative tumor size was significantly related to postoperative diagnosis of invasive carcinoma (p=0.020), retaining its predictive value at logistic regression analysis (p=0.046). Post-operative predictive factors of invasion were represented by tumor stage (p=0.008) and grading (p=0.008). Conclusion: B5c preoperative diagnosis in patients undergoing breast conservative surgery would suggest an immediate wide local excision avoiding any further preoperative histologic assessment. Conversely, one-stage SLN biopsy might be suggested for patients eligible to mastectomy, similar to patients with carcinoma in situ, although its impact on the therapeutic and prognostic assessment seems negligible.
- Breast cancer
- Needle biopsy
- Sentinel lymph node
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)