The role of tendon and subacromial bursa in rotator cuff tear pain: a clinical and histopathological study

Claudio Chillemi, Vincenzo Petrozza, Vincenzo Franceschini, Luca Garro, Alberto Pacchiarotti, Natale Porta, Mirko Cirenza, Francesco Salate Santone, Alessandro Castagna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate a possible association of shoulder pain with the clinical features and the histopathological changes occurring in the ruptured tendon and subacromial bursa of patients with rotator cuff tear. Methods: One hundred and eighty patients were clinically evaluated with the constant score and the visual analogue pain scale. Radiographs and MRI were performed. The chronology of the rupture, the muscle fatty degeneration according to Goutallier’s scale and the tear size were evaluated. For each patient, a biopsy of the supraspinatus tendon and subacromial bursa was performed during arthroscopic rotator cuff tear repair and the specimens were histopathologically analysed. Results: Clinically, the shoulder was more painful in females, in the presence of a chronic cuff lesion and a low Goutallier’s grade (P <0.05). No association was found between pain and age of the patient and between pain and tear size. Histologically, hypertrophy and inflammation of the tendon and hypertrophy, inflammation, oedema and necrosis of the subacromial bursa were directly associated with pain (P <0.05). Pain decreased significantly in the presence of fatty metaplasia and necrosis of the tendon (P <0.05).Conclusions: This study defines the main clinical and histopathological features of painful rotator cuff tear. In particular, a greater association of pain was observed with the histopathological changes in the bursa compared with those in the rotator cuff. Considering that the bursa plays also an essential role during the healing process, this “new” role of the subacromial bursa as pain generator has important repercussions in both pharmacological and surgical treatments of rotator cuff tears.Level of evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 24 2015

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Tendons
Pain
Rotator Cuff
Tears
Hypertrophy
Necrosis
Inflammation
Chronology
Shoulder Pain
Metaplasia
Pain Measurement
Rotator Cuff Injuries
Clinical Studies
Rupture
Edema
Pharmacology
Biopsy
Muscles

Keywords

  • Histopathology
  • Pain
  • Rotator cuff tear
  • Subacromial bursa
  • Tendon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

The role of tendon and subacromial bursa in rotator cuff tear pain : a clinical and histopathological study. / Chillemi, Claudio; Petrozza, Vincenzo; Franceschini, Vincenzo; Garro, Luca; Pacchiarotti, Alberto; Porta, Natale; Cirenza, Mirko; Salate Santone, Francesco; Castagna, Alessandro.

In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, 24.05.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chillemi, Claudio ; Petrozza, Vincenzo ; Franceschini, Vincenzo ; Garro, Luca ; Pacchiarotti, Alberto ; Porta, Natale ; Cirenza, Mirko ; Salate Santone, Francesco ; Castagna, Alessandro. / The role of tendon and subacromial bursa in rotator cuff tear pain : a clinical and histopathological study. In: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2015.
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AU - Garro, Luca

AU - Pacchiarotti, Alberto

AU - Porta, Natale

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N2 - Purpose: To evaluate a possible association of shoulder pain with the clinical features and the histopathological changes occurring in the ruptured tendon and subacromial bursa of patients with rotator cuff tear. Methods: One hundred and eighty patients were clinically evaluated with the constant score and the visual analogue pain scale. Radiographs and MRI were performed. The chronology of the rupture, the muscle fatty degeneration according to Goutallier’s scale and the tear size were evaluated. For each patient, a biopsy of the supraspinatus tendon and subacromial bursa was performed during arthroscopic rotator cuff tear repair and the specimens were histopathologically analysed. Results: Clinically, the shoulder was more painful in females, in the presence of a chronic cuff lesion and a low Goutallier’s grade (P <0.05). No association was found between pain and age of the patient and between pain and tear size. Histologically, hypertrophy and inflammation of the tendon and hypertrophy, inflammation, oedema and necrosis of the subacromial bursa were directly associated with pain (P <0.05). Pain decreased significantly in the presence of fatty metaplasia and necrosis of the tendon (P <0.05).Conclusions: This study defines the main clinical and histopathological features of painful rotator cuff tear. In particular, a greater association of pain was observed with the histopathological changes in the bursa compared with those in the rotator cuff. Considering that the bursa plays also an essential role during the healing process, this “new” role of the subacromial bursa as pain generator has important repercussions in both pharmacological and surgical treatments of rotator cuff tears.Level of evidence: IV.

AB - Purpose: To evaluate a possible association of shoulder pain with the clinical features and the histopathological changes occurring in the ruptured tendon and subacromial bursa of patients with rotator cuff tear. Methods: One hundred and eighty patients were clinically evaluated with the constant score and the visual analogue pain scale. Radiographs and MRI were performed. The chronology of the rupture, the muscle fatty degeneration according to Goutallier’s scale and the tear size were evaluated. For each patient, a biopsy of the supraspinatus tendon and subacromial bursa was performed during arthroscopic rotator cuff tear repair and the specimens were histopathologically analysed. Results: Clinically, the shoulder was more painful in females, in the presence of a chronic cuff lesion and a low Goutallier’s grade (P <0.05). No association was found between pain and age of the patient and between pain and tear size. Histologically, hypertrophy and inflammation of the tendon and hypertrophy, inflammation, oedema and necrosis of the subacromial bursa were directly associated with pain (P <0.05). Pain decreased significantly in the presence of fatty metaplasia and necrosis of the tendon (P <0.05).Conclusions: This study defines the main clinical and histopathological features of painful rotator cuff tear. In particular, a greater association of pain was observed with the histopathological changes in the bursa compared with those in the rotator cuff. Considering that the bursa plays also an essential role during the healing process, this “new” role of the subacromial bursa as pain generator has important repercussions in both pharmacological and surgical treatments of rotator cuff tears.Level of evidence: IV.

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KW - Subacromial bursa

KW - Tendon

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