The role of visual system in migraine

Stefania Bianchi Marzoli, Alessandra Criscuoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The visual system is involved in different ways in migraine. Visual auras are the most common form of migraine aura. It may consist of positive or negative visual symptoms and cortical spreading depression is felt to be the phenomenon that underlies it. Even in migraine without aura, vision it is not totally excluded given that one of the major criteria for the diagnosis of migraine is photophobia. In persistent visual aura, patients refer symptoms defined as visual snow and television static. In retinal migraine unilateral decreased vision or complete visual loss occurs. Ophthalmoplegic migraine is characterized by palsy of one among the three ocular motor nerves. Migraine visual aura, particularly when occurring without headache, is a diagnosis of exclusion. Imaging studies and laboratory tests should exclude neurologic disease, included seizures and central nervous system tumor, ocular pathologies, carotid or cardiac disease, thrombosis and connective tissue disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-102
Number of pages4
JournalNeurological Sciences
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017


  • Migraine aura
  • Ophthalmoplegic migraine
  • Photophobia
  • Retinal migraine
  • Visual snow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'The role of visual system in migraine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this