The Safety and Efficacy of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin Versus Intravenous Unfractionated Heparin and Tirofiban Versus Placebo in the Treatment of Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients Ineligible for Reperfusion (TETAMI): A Randomized Trial

Marc Cohen, Gian Franco Gensini, Frans Maritz, Enrique P. Gurfinkel, Kurt Huber, Ari Timerman, Maria Krzeminska-Pakula, Nicolas Danchin, Harvey D. White, Jose Santopinto, Frederique Bigonzi, Carole Hecquet, Luc Vittori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aims of the Safety and Efficacy of Subcutaneous Enoxaparin Versus Intravenous Unfractionated Heparin and Tirofiban Versus Placebo in the Treatment of Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients Ineligible for Reperfusion (TETAMI) study were to demonstrate that enoxaparin was superior to unfractionated heparin (UFH) and that tirofiban was better than placebo in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who do not receive timely reperfusion. BACKGROUND: An optimal treatment strategy has not been identified for the many STEMI patients ineligible for acute reperfusion. METHODS: A total of 1,224 patients were enrolled in 91 centers in 14 countries between July 1999 and July 2002. Patients with STEMI ineligible for reperfusion were randomized to enoxaparin, enoxaparin plus tirofiban, UFH, or UFH plus tirofiban. All patients received oral aspirin. The primary efficacy end point was the 30-day combined incidence of death, reinfarction, or recurrent angina; the primary analysis was the comparison of the pooled enoxaparin and UFH groups. RESULTS: The incidence of the primary efficacy end point was 15.7% enoxaparin versus 17.3% for UFH (odds ratio 0.89 [95% confidence interval {CI} = 0.66 to 1.21]) and 16.6% for tirofiban versus 16.4% for placebo (odds ratio 1.02 [95% CI 0.75 to 1.38]). The Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major hemorrhage rate was 1.5% for enoxaparin versus 1.3% for UFH (odds ratio 1.16 [95% CI 0.44 to 3.02]) and 1.8% versus 1% for tirofiban versus placebo (odds ratio 1.82 [95% CI 0.67 to 4.95]). CONCLUSIONS: This study did not show that enoxaparin significantly reduced the 30-day incidence of death, reinfarction, and recurrent angina compared with UFH in non-reperfused STEMI patients. However, enoxaparin appears to have a similar safety and efficacy profile to UFH and may be an alternative treatment. Additional therapy with tirofiban did not appear beneficial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1348-1356
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume42
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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