Mutations in the sedlin gene cause spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT), a rare X-linked chondrodysplasia. Affected males suffer short stature, deformation of the spine and hips, and deterioration of intervertebral discs with characteristic radiographic changes in the vertebrae. We have sequenced two full-length cDNA clones corresponding to the human sedlin gene. The longest cDNA is 2836 bp, containing a 218 bp 5′ untranslated region, a 423 bp coding region, and a 2195 bp 3′ untranslated region. The second cDNA does not contain exon 2, suggesting alternative splicing. Sedlin was finely mapped in Xp22.2 by Southern blot analysis on a yeast artificial chromosome/bacterial artificial chromosome map. Comparison of the cDNA sequence and genomic sequence identified six sedlin exons of 67, 142, 112, 147, 84, and 2259 bp. The corresponding introns vary in size from 339 to 14,061 bp. Splice site sequences for four of the five introns conform to the GT/AG consensus sequences, however, the splice site between exons 4 and 5 displays a rare non-canonical splice site sequence, AT/AC. Northern blot analysis showed expression of the sedlin gene in all human adult and fetal tissues tested, with the highest levels in kidney, heart, skeletal muscle, liver, and placenta. Four mRNA sizes were detected with the major band being 3 kb and minor bands of 5, 1.6, and 0.9 kb (the smallest product may reflect a sedlin pseudogene). Sedlin is expressed from both the active and the inactive human X chromosomes helping to explain the recessive nature and consistent presentation of the disease. Human sedlin shows homology to a yeast gene, which conditions endoplasmic reticulum/golgi transport. Characterization of the human sedlin cDNA and determination of the sedlin gene structure enable functional studies of sedlin and elucidation of the pathogenesis of SEDT.
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