The semisitting position: Analysis of the risks and surgical outcomes in a contemporary series of 425 adult patients undergoing cranial surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence of the primary complications related to positioning or surgery and their impact on neurological outcome in a consecutive series of patients undergoing elective surgery in the semisitting position. METHODS The authors prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed data from adult patients undergoing elective surgery in the semisitting position for a cranial disease. Patients were managed perioperatively according to a standard institutional protocol, a standardized stepwise positioning, and surgical maneuvers to decrease the risk of venous air embolism (VAE) and other complications. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. Neurointensive care unit (NICU) length of stay (LOS) and hospital LOS were the intermediate endpoints. Neurological outcome was the primary endpoint as determined by the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at 6 months after surgery. RESULTS Four hundred twenty-five patients were included in the analysis. VAE occurred in 90 cases (21%) and it made no significant statistical difference in NICU LOS, hospital LOS, and neurological outcome. No complication was directly related to the semisitting position, although 46 patients (11%) experienced at least 1 surgery-related complication and NICU LOS and hospital LOS were significantly prolonged in this group. Neurological outcome was significantly worse for patients with complications (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS Even in the presence of intraoperative VAE, the semisitting position was not related to an increased risk of postoperative deficits and can represent a safe additional option for the benefit of specific surgical and patient needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-876
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume127
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Diagnostic technique
  • Outcome
  • Posterior fossa lesion
  • Semisitting position
  • Skull base
  • Surgical complications
  • Venous air embolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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