The shelterin complex  shapes and protects telomeric DNA from being processed as double strand breaks (DSBs) [2, 3]. Here we show that in human undamaged cells, a fraction of the kinase Chk2, a downstream target of ATM and mediator of checkpoint responses and senescence [4, 5], physically interacts with the shelterin subunit TRF2 and colocalizes with this complex at chromosome ends. This interaction, enhanced by TRF2 binding to telomeric DNA, inhibits the activation and senescence-induced function of Chk2 by a mechanism in which TRF2 binding to the N terminus of Chk2 surrounding Thr68 hinders the phosphorylation of this priming site. In response to radiation-induced DSBs, but not chromatin-remodelling agents, the telomeric Chk2-TRF2 binding dissociates in a Chk2 activity-dependent manner. Moreover, active Chk2 phosphorylates TRF2 and decreases its binding to telomeric DNA repeats, corroborating the evidences on the specific TRF2 relocalization in presence of DSBs . Altogether, the capacity of TRF2 to locally repress Chk2 provides an additional level of control by which shelterin restrains the DNA damage response from an unwanted activation [6, 7] and may explain why TRF2 overexpression acts as a telomerase-independent oncogenic stimulus .
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)