The SMile card: A computerised data card for multiple sclerosis patients

G. L. Mancardi, M. Messmer Uccelli, M. Sonnati, G. Comi, C. Milanese, A. De Vincentiis, M. A. Battaglia, L. Amaducci, M. P. Amato, P. Annunziata, B. Bergamaschi, V. Bonavita, P. Bramanti, M. Brogi, N. Canal, D. Caputo, V. Cosi, L. Durelli, C. Fieschi, P. GalloD. Gambi, E. Granieri, R. Levi Montalcini, P. Livrea, M. G. Marrosu, C. Messina, G. Meucci, E. Montanari, F. Piccoli, C. Pozzilli, P. A. Quattrone, A. Reggio, G. Rosati, G. Savettieri, G. Scarlato, E. Scarpini, B. Tavolato, L. Tesio, V. Toso, M. Trojano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The SMile Card was developed as a means for computerising clinical information for the purpose of transferability, accessibility, standardisation and compilation of a national database of demographic and clinical information about multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In many European countries, centres for MS are organised independently from one another making collaboration, consultation and patient referral complicated. Only the more highly advanced clinical centres, generally located in large urban areas, have had the possibility to utilise technical possibilities for improving the organisation of patient clinical and research information, although independently from other centres. The information system, developed utilising the Visual Basic language for Microsoft Windows 95, stores information via a 'smart card' in a database which is initiated and updated utilising a microprocessor, located at each neurological clinic. The SMile Card, currently being tested in Italy, permits patients to carry with them all relevant medical information without limitations. Neurologists are able to access and update, via the microprocessor, the patient's entire medical history and MS-related information, including the complete neurological examination and laboratory test results. The SMile Card provides MS patients and neurologists with a complete computerised archive of clinical information which is accessible throughout the country. In addition, data from the SMile Card system can be exported to other database programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-98
Number of pages6
JournalNeurological Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Databasing
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)


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