The SRCIN1/p140Cap adaptor protein negatively regulates the aggressiveness of neuroblastoma

Silvia Grasso, Davide Cangelosi, Jennifer Chapelle, Melissa Alzona, Giorgia Centonze, Alessia Lamolinara, Vincenzo Salemme, Costanza Angelini, Alessandro Morellato, Andrea Saglietto, Federico Tommaso Bianchi, Sara Cabodi, Iris Chiara Salaroglio, Federica Fusella, Marzia Ognibene, Manuela Iezzi, Annalisa Pezzolo, Valeria Poli, Ferdinando Di Cunto, Alessandra EvaChiara Riganti, Luigi Varesio, Emilia Turco, Paola Defilippi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neuroblastoma is the most common extra-cranial pediatric solid tumor, responsible for 13-15% of pediatric cancer death. Its intrinsic heterogeneity makes it difficult to target for successful therapy. The adaptor protein p140Cap/SRCIN1 negatively regulates tumor cell features and limits breast cancer progression. This study wish to assess if p140Cap is a key biological determinant of neuroblastoma outcome. RNAseq profiles of a large cohort of neuroblastoma patients show that SRCIN1 mRNA levels are an independent risk factor inversely correlated to disease aggressiveness. In high-risk patients, CGH+SNP microarray analysis of primary neuroblastoma identifies SRCIN1 as frequently altered by hemizygous deletion, copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity, or disruption. Functional experiments show that p140Cap negatively regulates Src and STAT3 signaling, affects anchorage-independent growth and migration, in vivo tumor growth and spontaneous lung metastasis formation. p140Cap also increases sensitivity of neuroblastoma cells to doxorubicin and etoposide treatment, as well as to a combined treatment with chemotherapy drugs and Src inhibitors. Our functional findings point to a causal role of p140Cap in curbing the aggressiveness of neuroblastoma, due to its ability to impinge on specific molecular pathways, and to sensitize cells to therapeutic treatment. This study provides the first evidence that the SRCIN1/p140Cap adaptor protein is a key player in neuroblastoma as a new independent prognostic marker for patient outcome and treatment. Altogether, these data highlight the potential clinical impact of SRCIN1/p140Cap expression in neuroblastoma tumors, in terms of reducing cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy, one of the main issues for pediatric tumor treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-807
Number of pages18
JournalCell Death and Differentiation
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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