Micromotion of the tibial component in 40 knee arthroplasties for gonarthrosis was studied using Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis. The stability of this component was assessed for 2 years' postoperatively. In all arthroplasties, an attempt was made to reconstruct the preoperative posterior slope. Posterior cruciate-retaining (CR) and posterior-stabilized (PS) components showed at 2 years a maximum total point motion of 0.6 ± 0.4 mm and 0.7 ± 0.5 mm, respectively. Whereas 92.5% of the implants were determined to be stable, 1 of the CR group and 2 of the PS group displayed migration between the first and the second year of at least 0.2 mm. A negative correlation between subsidence of the tibial component at 2 years of follow-up and the difference between preoperative and postoperative tibial slope was found. Consequently, we suggest that restoring the original posterior slope of the tibial plateau must be a goal of tibial component implantation.
- posterior cruciate-retaining
- Roentgen stereophotogrammetry
- tibial posterior slope
- total knee arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine