Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder of early childhood characterized by mutations of the RAS-RAF-MAP kinase signaling pathway. We report the case of a child with a diagnosis of JMML carrying two mutations of NRAS gene (c.37G>C and c.38G>A) independently occurring in long-term culture initiating cells. However, only the former was consistently found in more mature hematopoietic cells, suggesting that cancer transformation may lead to the loss of a mutation. This case also indicates that molecular analysis on cell types other than peripheral blood leukocytes may be useful to obtain relevant biological information on JMML pathogenesis.
- Leukemia pathogenesis
- Somatic mutation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health