Successo dell'allattamento materno nei pretermine di peso molto basso singoli e gemelli: un'esperienza di 10 anni.

Translated title of the contribution: The success of maternal feeding with very low birth weight premature infants, singletons and twins: a 10-year experience

F. Colonna, M. Cuttini, F. Melon, U. de Vonderweid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There are very few reports about the feasibility of maternal milk feeding in very low birthweight preterm infants (VLBW), especially in twins. Therefore we conducted a cohort retrospective study to evaluate the feeding patterns of the 226 VLBW discharged from our neonatal intensive care unit from 1987 to 1996. Their gestational age was 30 +/- 2.6 weeks, birthweight 1166 +/- 224 g and they were hospitalized for 67 +/- 37 days (means +/- 1 SD). Of the 226 VLBW 49% were males, 39% had birthweight below 10 degrees centile for gestational age and 56% were born to non-residents in our area. There were 181 single births and 45 (20%) multiple births, of which 16 from pregnancies with 3 or more fetuses. Of the total cases 22% were discharged feeding maternal milk (MM) exclusively and 21% on mixed-feeding, maternal + formula milk (FM). Percentages were respectively 23% and 18% for single newborns, 11% and 29% for twins. Singletons and twins were discharged on FM with comparable percentages (59 and 60%). With passing years we have noticed a significant increase (chi square for linear trend <0.01) for maternal milk feeding. In the last 2 years 49% of singletons and 38% of twins were discharged on MM, 14% and 24% on MM + FM, and only 37% and 38% on FM only. Between singletons and twins there were no statistically significant differences as far as feeding at discharge is concerned. CONCLUSIONS: most mothers, if correctly informed and encouraged, are able to breast-feed, exclusively or partially, their VLBW offspring, including twins, in the first months of life.

Translated title of the contributionThe success of maternal feeding with very low birth weight premature infants, singletons and twins: a 10-year experience
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)159-163
Number of pages5
JournalPediatria Medica e Chirurgica
Volume19
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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