Objectives: In the rush to implement laparoscopic surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), the necessity to treat a short oesophagus with dedicated techniques was not always adequately considered. The aim of this study was to define the frequency, patterns and surgical treatment of the intrathoracic migration of the g-o junction and short oesophagus in GORD. Methods: Between 1980 and 2003 our group indicated surgery only for severe and complicated GORD and for drawbacks of medical therapy. Preoperatively patients underwent clinical-instrumental work up. The various degrees of the intrathoracic migration of the g-o junction were classified according to the barium swallow. A total of 319 patients operated upon were grouped according to the periods 1980-1991 and 1992-2003 with 149 and 170 patients, respectively. In the first period only 'open' procedures were performed; the Collis gastroplasty in addition to the antireflux procedure was performed when reduction of the g-o junction in the abdomen required excessive tension. In the second period mini-invasive techniques were progressively introduced. During laparoscopy, the relationship between the g-o junction and the hiatus, and the need to elongate the oesophagus, was assessed by intraoperative oesophagoscopy. Results: The Collis gastroplasty was performed in 29% in the first period and in 23% in the second period. Radiology was a strong predictor of the necessity to elongate the oesophagus. In the second period, global long-term results improved with respect to the first period; P=0.047 (first period satisfactory 82%, poor 18%, median FU 84, 12-252 months; second period satisfactory 93%, poor 7%, median FU 34, 6-126 months). In the second period, Collis-Nissen and Collis-Belsey procedures had satisfactory results in 80% and poor in 20%. Conclusions: In surgery for severe GORD, the Collis procedure is required in 23% of operations; radiology helps to plan surgery; intraoperative endoscopy avoids unnecessary oesophageal lengthening.
- Antireflux surgery
- Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
- Hiatus hernia
- Short oesophagus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine