The temperament and character inventory in women with migraine

Franco Mongini, Secondo Fassino, Eugenia Rota, Andrea Deregibus, Maura Levi, Domenico Monticone, Giovanni Abbate-Daga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this work was to investigate: (1) the differences in temperament and character between 49 women with migraine and 49 controls using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and (2) the extent to which these differences were related to migraine or to the presence of comorbid depression. The migraine patients scored significantly higher than the controls in two temperament dimensions-Harm Avoidance (HA) and Persistence (P)-and significantly lower in one character dimension-Self-Directedness (SDir) (Student's t). After multiple logistic regression, the TCI P and HA dimensions were significantly associated with the presence of migraine. The HA dimension was also related to the presence of depression. Our results show that inm igraine the higher HA score could be partly associated to comorbid depression while the high P dimension seems to be solely related to the presence of migraine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-249
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Headache and Pain
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005


  • Depression
  • Headache
  • Migraine
  • Obsessiveness
  • TCI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)


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