The three laws of neurorobotics: A review on what neurorehabilitation robots should do for patients and clinicians

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Most studies and reviews on robots for neurorehabilitation focus on their effectiveness. These studies often report inconsistent results. This and many other reasons limit the credit given to these robots by therapists and patients. Further, neurorehabilitation is often still based on therapists' expertise, with competition among different schools of thought, generating substantial uncertainty about what exactly a neurorehabilitation robot should do. Little attention has been given to ethics. This review adopts a new approach, inspired by Asimov's three laws of robotics and based on the most recent studies in neurorobotics, for proposing new guidelines for designing and using robots for neurorehabilitation. We propose three laws of neurorobotics based on the ethical need for safe and effective robots, the redefinition of their role as therapist helpers, and the need for clear and transparent human-machine interfaces. These laws may allow engineers and clinicians to work closely together on a new generation of neurorobots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Medical and Biological Engineering
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Ethics
  • Medical robots
  • Neuroscience
  • Rehabilitation
  • Robotic training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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