The transcriptomic analysis of nsc-34 motor neuron-like cells reveals that cannabigerol influences synaptic pathways: A comparative study with cannabidiol

Agnese Gugliandolo, Serena Silvestro, Luigi Chiricosta, Federica Pollastro, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

More than 120 cannabinoids were isolated from Cannabis sativa. In particular, Cannabidiol (CBD) and Cannabigerol (CBG) represent the two most studied non-psychoactive cannabinoids. However, CBG is less studied and less data are available on its biological properties and influence on synaptic transmission. On the contrary, CBD is already known to modulate brain excitatory glutamate, inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and dopamine neurotransmission. In this study, using Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology, we evaluated how CBG (1 or 5 µM) and CBD (1 or 5 µM) influence the transcriptome of the main neurotransmission pathways in NSC-34 motor neuron-like cells. At first, we evaluated that CBG and CBD were not cytotoxic and decreased the expression of pro-apoptotic genes. CBG and CBD are able to influence the expression of the genes involved in glutamate, GABA and dopamine signaling. Interestingly, the transcriptional changes induced by CBG were similar compared to CBD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number227
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalLife
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cannabidiol
  • Cannabigerol
  • GABAergic synapses
  • Glutamatergic synapses
  • Motor neuron-like cells
  • Transcriptomic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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