Teneligliptin is a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor that was approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Japan and Korea and is being researched in several countries. Teneligliptin is a potent, selective, and long-lasting DPP-4 inhibitor with a t½ of approximately 24 h and unique pharmacokinetic properties: it is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3), or excreted from the kidney in an unchanged form. Because of its multiple elimination pathways, dose adjustment is not needed in patients with hepatic or renal impairment, and it is considered to have a low potential for drug–drug interactions. Clinical studies and postmarketing surveillance show that teneligliptin, administered as monotherapy and/or in combination with antihyperglycemic agents, is effective and well tolerated in T2DM patients, including in elderly patients and those with renal impairment. Furthermore, teneligliptin has antioxidative properties, which induce the antioxidant cascade, as well as ·OH scavenging properties. In addition, it has shown endothelial protective effects in several non-clinical and clinical studies. From its unique profile and clinical data, teneligliptin represents a potential therapeutic option in a wide variety of patients, including elderly diabetic patients and those with renal impairment. The fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablet of teneligliptin and canagliflozin has been approved in Japan; this is the first FDC tablet of a DPP-4 inhibitor and sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor in Japan, and the third globally. The FDC tablet may also provide additional prescribing and adherence benefits.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)