The unseen third dimension: a novel approach for assessing head shape severity in infants with isolated sagittal synostosis

Rosalinda Calandrelli, Fabio Pilato, Luca Massimi, Marco Panfili, Concezio Di Rocco, Cesare Colosimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a novel approach to assess the severity of skull dysmorphology in infants with isolated sagittal synostosis (ISS) and its relationship with the surgical results.

METHODS: We divided 66 infants with ISS into three groups by combining the scaphocephalic (SSI-A) and platycephalic (VLI) indices as descriptors of the relation between length, width, and height. We evaluated each skull for morphology as hyperdolichocephalic (< 66%) versus dolichocephalic (66-77%) and as hyperplatycephalic (< 78%) versus platycephalic skull (78-85%). A score system was developed as follows: 2 points for values < 66% and < 78% and 1 point for values between 66 and 77% and 78 and 85% in SSI-A and VLI, respectively. The overall score was calculated and it was used to classify our patients on a 4-point ordinal scale, according to the severity of head shape (2 = mild, 3 = moderate, 4 = severe).

RESULTS: Thirty-two infants resulted in mild group, 17 in moderate group, and 17 in severe group. SSI-A and VLI were reduced according to the severity of ISS. We demonstrated a positive correlation between SSA-A and VLI in mild subgroup of patients while we found a negative correlation between SSA-A and VLI in moderate and in severe subgroups. Moreover, a positive correlation was found between severe subgroup and Sloan III class of surgical results.

CONCLUSION: This study describes a simple tool to better classify infants with ISS, considering the three-dimensional morphology of the skull, because it evaluates both the dolichocephalic and platycephalic component.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1351-1356
Number of pages6
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

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