The use of bevacizumab in non-small cell lung cancer: An update

Salvatore Lauro, Concetta Elisa Onesti, Riccardo Righini, Paolo Marchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with approximately 1.2 million deaths annually. The standard-of-care in patients with advanced disease is platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. Recent advances in the understanding of biological mechanisms of tumor growth have allowed for identification of some molecular targets for cancer treatment, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). VEGF is a pro-angiogenetic factor, which binds membrane receptors, and whose intra-cytoplasmatic domain presents tyrosine kinase activity. Pathological angiogenesis promotes tumor growth and metastasis. Targeted action against angiogenesis can lead to regression or normalization of neovascular structures and to inhibition of new blood vessel growth. The most commonly used mechanism is mediated by bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody that selectively binds to VEGF and prevents interaction with its receptor. Currently bevacizumab is the only anti-angiogenic agent approved for the first-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in selected patients. In the present review, we discuss the most important trials that demonstrate the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab. We also present an overview of the types of patients eligible for this treatment and a cost-effectiveness analysis. In conclusion, the possibility of administering a treatment with bevacizumab must be carefully analyzed case by case. It is important to identify those patients who can really benefit from the use of this drug, through the identification of specific response markers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1537-1546
Number of pages10
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume34
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2014

Keywords

  • Advanced lung cancer
  • Bevacizumab
  • Chemotheraphy
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Lung cancer
  • Metastatic lung cancer
  • Review
  • Targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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