The valves of the internal jugular veins: a statistical investigation in 120 living subjects using ultrasonic tomography.

C. Macchi, C. Catini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We examined both jugular veins of 120 healthy subjects (60 men, 60 women; age range: 18 to 90 years); thus, a total of 240 jugular veins were examined. The vessel diameter was measured by color Doppler ultrasonography, and when valves were present at the ostial level, their morphology and competence were assessed. A single valvular apparatus was detected in 206 cases (86%). It consisted of 2 cusps in 75% of these 206 cases, of one in 15%, and of three in 10%. No correlations with side or the subjects' sex, age, height, or body weight were observed. In the 34 cases in which a valvular apparatus was not visualized, we found a male predominance (22 men as compared to 12 women). The mean diameter of the jugular vein at the ostial level was 13.8 mm, with that of the men being significantly larger than that of the women (p <0.01), and it showed a tendency to increase with age. The valves were observed to be incompetent in 95% of the cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalItalian journal of anatomy and embryology = Archivio italiano di anatomia ed embriologia
Volume99
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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