For centuries, scientists have debated the mystery of Joan of Arc and her "Voices", that were in part considered ecstatic epileptic auras, such as Dostoevskij's epilepsy. We performed a critical analysis of this hypothesis and suggest that the "voices" were the expression of an epileptic syndrome recently described. Idiopathic Partial Epilepsy with Auditory Features (IPEAF). In fact, Joan of Arc's epilepsy is characterized by clinical features (auditory aura versus ecstatic aura) and involvement of cerebral regions (lateral temporal versus mesio-basal temporal) different from Dostoevskij's epilepsy. Moreover, the ictal semiology and the possibility of seizures triggered by acoustic stimuli (sound of bells) could be referable to IPEAF. The search for the Epitempin/LGI1 gene or other new gene mutations on hair of the Maid of Orléans could enhance our knowledge of Joan of Arc's epilepsy.
|Translated title of the contribution||The "voices" of Joan of Arc and idiopathic partial epilepsy with auditory features|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Bollettino - Lega Italiana contro l'Epilessia|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology