Tuberculosis (TB) remains among the leading causes of death among treatable infectious diseases after HIV/AIDS, despite the existence of a cost-effective strategy for its prevention and control. This chapter will discuss the existing strategies developed to achieve the projected goals of TB control by 2015 and elimination by the year 2050, as advocated by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Stop TB Partnership, as well as the major threats the international community is presently facing in this respect. After introducing the key definitions and concepts relevant to TB control and elimination, the history and content of the five core pillars of the DOTS (directly observed therapy, short course) strategy and the six elements of the Stop TB Strategy will be described, as they represent the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended strategy endorsed by Member States. At present, as the main priorities are represented by control of multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB and TB/HIV coinfection, the chapter will discuss the core public health interventions available on this domain, based on the available evidence. Finally, the perspective of TB elimination will be critically discussed.
- Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis
- Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine