Objectives Ectodermal dysplasia is a congenital disorder deriving from an altered interaction between ectoderm and mesoderm. One of the most involved areas is the oral one. The aim of our work is to present a review of the international literature to describe etiology, manifestation and therapeutic aspects of ectodermal dysplasia. Materials and methods A review of the international literature has been made on MedLine database (www.ncbi.nim.nih. gov/pubmed). Key words used were: "ectodermal dysplasia and therapy", "ectodermal dysplasia and orthodontics", "ectodermal dysplasia and diagnosis". Among the found articles were considered those dealing with the general characteristics of the ectodermal dysplasia and the specific surgical-orthodontic treatment. Results In the international literature there are many studies describing this syndrome considering its etiology, classifications, epidemiology, clini-cal symptoms, diagnosis and therapeutic options depending on the time of the diagnosis. Being a genetic disorder, each kind of treatment is not be decisive, but only palliative in orderto improve patients' quality of life. Conclusions Ectodermal dysplasia should be early treated in a multidi-sciplinary way, mainly in the oral and maxillofacial areas, in order to restore aesthetic, function and the stomathognatic multifunctions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery