Therapeutic management of primary central nervous system lymphoma in immunocompetent patients: Results of a critical review of the literature

M. Reni, A. J M Ferreri, M. P. Garancini, E. Villa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The optimal treatment for primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) has not yet been defined. Patients and methods: Therapeutic results of 1180 immunocompetent patients (pts) with PCNSL reported in 50 series published in English between 1980 and 1995 were analysed. The impaction survival of age, treatment strategy, radiation field and doses, systemic and intrathecal chemotherapy (CHT) and treatment sequence was evaluated. Results: Univariate analyses showed a longer survival in pts of ≤60 years (P <0.00001); pts treated with >40 Gy to whole brain (WB) (P = 0.02); pts receiving >50 Gy to the tumor bed after a WB dose >40 Gy (P = 0.02); pts submitted to a combined treatment as opposed to CHT alone (P = 0.007) or radiotherapy alone (P <0.00001); pts receiving CHT followed by radiotherapy rather than in the reverse sequence (P = 0.05); pts treated with high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) (P = 0.04) and pts receiving intrathecal CHT (P = 0.03). Multivariate analysis confirmed the independent prognostic value of age, WB dose, HD-MTX and intrathecal CHT. Conclusions: Current data confirm the prognostic value of age and appear to support the use of systemic CHT consisting of HD-MTX and intrathecal drug administration followed by 41-50 Gy to WB and >50 Gy to the tumor bed in the treatment of PCNSL in immunocompetent pts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-234
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997

Keywords

  • brain neoplasms
  • chemotherapy
  • combined treatment
  • extranodal lymphomas
  • primary central nervous system lymphoma
  • radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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