Therapeutic management of stage I-II high-grade primary gastric lymphomas

A. J M Ferreri, Stefano Cordio, Serena Paro, Maurilio Ponzoni, Massimo Freschi, Fabrizio Veglia, Eugenio Villa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The best treatment for primary gastric lymphomas (PGL) has not yet been defined. Eighty-three patients with stage I/II PGL are documented, focusing on prognostic factors, treatment-related morbidity and mortality, and therapeutic outcome. Chemotherapy improved survival in comparison to local treatments, i.e. gastrectomy (n = 15) or gastrectomy and radiotherapy (n = 5). Patients treated with primary chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy (n = 21), with gastrectomy and chemotherapy (n = 26) or with gastrectomy and chemotherapy and radiotherapy (n = 16) showed a similar survival rate. Conservative treatment obtained a 5-year actuarial survival of 82% with a stomach preservation rate of 100%. Two treatment failures and 19 relapses (24%) were observed. Sixty patients (72%) are alive (59 no evidence of disease) at a median follow-up of 58 months. Ten-year actuarial survival is 64%. Local control was influenced by stage, tumor size, depth of infiltration, LDH ratio, and therapeutic modality, while age, stage, LDH ratio, and the use of chemotherapy had independent prognostic value. Because of its efficacy and safety, conservative strategy should be considered as first-line treatment for high-grade PGL. Gastrectomy should be indicated only for urgent cases, in which surgery followed by chemotherapy appears the best choice, followed by radiotherapy in patients with stage II2 disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-282
Number of pages9
JournalOncology
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1999

Keywords

  • Conservative treatment
  • Gastrectomy
  • Lymphomas, gastric
  • Lymphomas, non-Hodgkin's
  • Primary chemotherapy
  • Stomach preservation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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