Therapeutic relevance of CD34+ cell dose in blood cell transplantation for cancer therapy

Salvatore Siena, Roberta Schiavo, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Carmelo Carlo-Stella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To review recent advances in peripheral-blood progenitor-cell (PBPC) transplantation in order to define the optimal cell dose required for autologous and allogeneic transplantation. Materials and Methods: A search of MEDLINE was conducted to identify relevant publications. Their bibliographies were also used to identify further articles and abstracts for critical review. Results: The CD34+ cell content of a graft is regarded as an accurate predictor of engraftment success. Postchemotherapy autologous PBPC transplantation with ≥ 5 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg body weight leads to more rapid engraftment than does transplantation of lower cell doses. Further increases in transplant cell dose further accelerate platelet but not neutrophil engraftment. Evidence that long-term hematopoietic recovery may be more accurately predicted by the subpopulation of primitive progenitors transplanted suggests that the content of CD34+CD33- and long-term culture- initiating cells in cell collection samples may be important for predicting successful engraftment, particularly in patients with poor mobilization. Allogeneic transplantation has been limited by concerns regarding graft- versus-host disease and the use of hematopoietic growth factors in donors. The risk of graft rejection and engraftment failure after HLA-mismatched allogeneic transplantation may be overcome by intensive chemoradiotherapy and the infusion of large numbers of T cell-depleted hematopoietic stem cells. Conclusion: An optimal cell dose of ≥ 8 x 106 CD34+ cells/kg seems to be recommended for autologous PBPC transplantation. This dose facilitates the administration of scheduled chemotherapy on time and reduces the demand for other supportive therapies. A combination of growth factors may enable patients with poor mobilization to achieve a collection sufficient to allow transplantation. The optimum PBPC dose for allogeneic transplantation remains to be defined. (C) 2000 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1360-1377
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume18
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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