Therapy of hepatitis C by direct-acting anti-virals: The end of HCV in dialysis population?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The advent of direct-acting anti-viral (DAA) drugs is dramatically changing the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients with intact kidney function ('cure rates' >90% and infrequent adverse events). The information on efficacy and safety of DAAs for HCV therapy in patients with renal failure is limited. We have reviewed the available evidence regarding efficacy and safety of numerous DAAs (boceprevir, telaprevir, sofosbuvir, simeprevir, grazoprevir, elbasvir, ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, dasabuvir, ledispavir, daclatasvir, asunaprevir, beclabuvir) in treating HCV-infected patients with renal impairment and/or end-stage renal disease. The major limitation of this review is the paucity of published data and its reliance on abstracts and product monographs. Preliminary data suggest that combination antiviral therapy (grazoprevir and elbasvir) is provided with great efficacy in patients with HCV genotype 1 and chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5 including those on intermittent dialysis, SVR12, 99% (114/115), according to a per-protocol analysis. In another trial, patients with HCV genotype 1 and chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5 were given the 3D regimen; an interim evaluation reported that all patients completing treatment to date had viral response (100%, 14/14) but data on sustained viral response are under evaluation. Treatments were generally well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-793
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2 2015

Keywords

  • dialysis
  • direct-acting anti-virals
  • hepatitis C
  • interferon
  • ribavirin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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