Thoracic radiotherapy and daily vinorelbine as radiosensitizer in locally advanced non small cell lung cancer: A phase I study

Cesare Gridelli, Cesare Guida, Emiddio Barletta, Tindaro Gatani, Francesco Fiore, Maria Luisa Barzelloni, Antonio Rossi, Mario De Bellis, Roberta D'Aniello, Francesco Scognamiglio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Experimental studies have shown that vinorelbine is a powerful radiosensitizer in vitro. To date, no reports on clinical activity of the single agent vinorelbine as radiosensitizer have been published. The aim of the present phase I study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of vinorelbine administered daily concurrently with thoracic radiotherapy, with or without amifostine support, in the treatment of locally advanced non small cell lung cancer. In vitro studies have shown that vinorelbine can potentiate the antitumor effects of radiation therapy. Amifostine is a sulphydril compound that has shown to protect normal tissues from chemotherapy and radiotherapy-induced toxicities. Radiotherapy lasted 6 weeks and the total dose was 55 Gy. The daily fraction was 1.8 Gy, administered 5 days a week for 5 weeks and increased to 2.0 Gy during the sixth and last week. Concurrent vinorelbine was administered daily with a planned escalation of the dose from 4, to 5 and 6 mg/m2. Fourteen patients were enrolled in the study. The first dose of vinorelbine was 4 mg/m2 and it showed to be feasible without dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). Instead, the second dose level of 5 mg/m2 was unfeasible because three out of six patients had DLT (grade 4 neutropenia, treatment interruption longer than 2 weeks for prolonged grade 2 neutropenia and treatment interruption longer than 2 weeks for prolonged grade 3 esophagitis together with grade 4 dyspnea). At that time, the study continued adding amifostine to vinorelbine in order to increase its MTD. Amifostine was administered by means of subcutaneous injection 15 min before each radiotherapy fraction at the fixed dose of 300 mg/m2. However, 5 mg/m2 of vinorelbine were considered unfeasible even with amifostine support because three out of five patients showed DLT (grade 4 neutropenia, febrile grade 4 neutropenia and grade 3 liver toxicity). Among 14 patients enrolled in the study, eight completed the planned treatment because six patients experienced DLT, which determined treatment interruption. Overall, four partial and two complete responses were observed. Two partial and one complete response were observed in those three patients who had been treated with the first dose of vinorelbine. In conclusion, our data show that the MTD of daily vinorelbine is 4 mg/m2. Therefore, this is the recommended dose of daily vinorelbine to be administered with concurrent thoracic radiotherapy in a phase II trial. Finally, amifostine administered subcutaneously failed to increase the MTD of daily vinorelbine. (C) 229 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-137
Number of pages7
JournalLung Cancer
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000

Keywords

  • Locally advanced NSCLC
  • Phase I study
  • Radiotherapy
  • Vinorelbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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    Gridelli, C., Guida, C., Barletta, E., Gatani, T., Fiore, F., Barzelloni, M. L., Rossi, A., De Bellis, M., D'Aniello, R., & Scognamiglio, F. (2000). Thoracic radiotherapy and daily vinorelbine as radiosensitizer in locally advanced non small cell lung cancer: A phase I study. Lung Cancer, 29(2), 131-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5002(00)00102-1