Three-dimensional analysis of dentolabial relationships: Effect of age and sex in healthy dentition

R. Rosati, M. De Menezes, A. Rossetti, V. F. Ferrario, C. Sforza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Morphological changes in three-dimensional (3D) dentolabial relationships during ageing were assessed in healthy individuals. 38 subjects with healthy dentition were analysed. They were divided into a youthful group (21-34 years, mean 26 years, SD 4) and an older group (45-65 years, mean 53 years, SD 5). Stone labial and dental models were made, digitized and 3D virtual reproductions of dentolabial morphology were obtained. From the digital reconstructions, the relative positions of the labial commissure and of the maxillary dental clinical crowns in the vertical direction were obtained. Sex and age effects were compared using two-way analysis of variance. Lip position relative to the teeth was significantly different in youthful and older subjects (P <0.01). No statistically significant effects of sex in dentolabial relationship were demonstrated, but a sex × age effect was found in the anterior labial segments (P <0.05). The perioral soft tissues drop down in older subjects and the soft tissue descends on the entire labial arch. These differences may help the clinician when estimating, planning and evaluating surgical, orthodontic and prosthetic treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1344-1349
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • Digital anthropometry
  • Lips
  • Three-dimensional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery


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