Three-dimensional echocardiography of the mitral valve: Lessons learned

Francesco Maffessanti, Oana Mirea, Gloria Tamborini, Mauro Pepi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Three-dimensional echocardiography has markedly improved our understanding of normal and pathologic mitral valve (MV) mechanics. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of three-dimensional (3D) data on the mitral valve could have a clinical impact on diagnosis, patient referral, surgical strategies, annuloplasty ring design and evaluation of the immediate and long-term surgical outcome. This review covers the contribution of 3D echocardiography in the diagnosis of MV disease, its role in selecting and monitoring surgical procedures, and in the assessment of surgical outcomes. Moreover, advantages of this technique versus the standard 2D modality, as well as future applications of advanced analysis techniques, will be reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number377
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2013



  • Mitral regurgitation
  • Mitral valve
  • Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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